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Treatment Standards for Community-acquired Pneumonia

Patients should be screened and receive appropriate vaccinations to prevent future infections from influenza and pneumonia.

Standard:  Assess patient and give pneumococcal vaccination.

A pneumonia (pneumococcal) shot can help prevent pneumonia in the future, even if the patient is currently hospitalized for pneumonia.

Standard:  Assess patient and give influenza vaccination.

An influenza (flu) shot can help protect patients from getting influenza in the future, even if they are hospitalized for pneumonia.

Standard:  Give initial antibiotic(s) within six hours after arrival

Timely treatment with antibiotics can improve outcomes for patients with pneumonia caused by bacteria.

Standard:  Patients should receive an oxygenation assessment

This test measures the amount of oxygen in the blood. Having enough oxygen in the blood is important to a patient's health.

Standard:  Pneumonia patients should receive smoking cessation advice/counseling

Smoking is a risk factor for pneumonia. Patients who quit smoking are less likely to get pneumonia again.

Antibiotics are medicines that treat infection, but some antibiotics work better than others against certain types of bacteria. It is important to choose the antibiotic that best treats the particular infection that is causing the patient's illness.

Standard:  Patients should receive the most appropriate initial antibiotic(s)

Standard:  Patients should have their first blood culture done in the emergency room before they receive their first hospital dose of antibiotics

Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria or a virus. It is important to know what has caused the pneumonia before giving the patient medicine. A blood culture shows whether the infection is viral or bacterial and lets doctors choose the best medicine to treat it.